What is the final product of translation?

The amino acid is then released from the tRNA and added to the growing chain of amino acids attached to the ribosome. When the ribosome reaches a stop codon, it releases the mRNA strand and amino acid sequence. The amino acid sequence is the final result of translation, and is known as a polypeptide.

What is the product of translation quizlet?

What is the end product of translation? Polypeptide chain to make a protein.

What is produced through translation?

Translation involves “decoding” a messenger RNA (mRNA) and using its information to build a polypeptide, or chain of amino acids. For most purposes, a polypeptide is basically just a protein (with the technical difference being that some large proteins are made up of several polypeptide chains).

How was the DNA code decoded?

During transcription, a portion of the cell’s DNA serves as a template for creation of an RNA molecule. … (RNA, or ribonucleic acid, is chemically similar to DNA, except for three main differences described later on in this concept page.)

What happens to the ribosome after the translation is finished?

Lastly, termination occurs when the ribosome reaches a stop codon (UAA, UAG, and UGA). Since there are no tRNA molecules that can recognize these codons, the ribosome recognizes that translation is complete. The new protein is then released, and the translation complex comes apart.

What is translation in gene expression?


Translation is the process of translating the sequence of a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule to a sequence of amino acids during protein synthesis. The genetic code describes the relationship between the sequence of base pairs in a gene and the corresponding amino acid sequence that it encodes.

What is the product of translation apex?

The products of translation are proteins. During translation mRNA created during transcription is localized to the ribosome.

What is in a gene?

Genes are made up of DNA. Some genes act as instructions to make molecules called proteins. However, many genes do not code for proteins. In humans, genes vary in size from a few hundred DNA bases to more than 2 million bases.

What is translation in biochemistry?

Translation is a process by which polypeptides are synthesized from a mRNA transcript, which was previously synthesized from the process of transcription. During this process, tRNA acts as a carrier by bringing with it specific amino acids to the ribosome, which are then incorporated into a growing polypeptide chain.

What is translation in zoology?

In molecular biology and genetics, translation is the process in which ribosomes in the cytoplasm or endoplasmic reticulum synthesize proteins after the process of transcription of DNA to RNA in the cell’s nucleus. The entire process is called gene expression. … Initiation: The ribosome assembles around the target mRNA.

Where does translation occur in the cell?

the ribosome
Where Translation Occurs. Within all cells, the translation machinery resides within a specialized organelle called the ribosome. In eukaryotes, mature mRNA molecules must leave the nucleus and travel to the cytoplasm, where the ribosomes are located.

What is an example of translation in biology?

In biology, translation is a step in protein biosynthesis where a genetic code from a strand of mRNA is decoded to produce a particular sequence of amino acids.
Table 1: Differences between transcription and translation
EnzymesRNA polymeraseRibozyme
ProductsmRNAPolypeptide or protein

Where does translation occur in prokaryotes?

Prokaryotic transcription occurs in the cytoplasm alongside translation. Prokaryotic transcription and translation can occur simultaneously. This is impossible in eukaryotes, where transcription occurs in a membrane-bound nucleus while translation occurs outside the nucleus in the cytoplasm.

What is the purpose of translation in biology?

In biology, the process by which a cell makes proteins using the genetic information carried in messenger RNA (mRNA). The mRNA is made by copying DNA, and the information it carries tells the cell how to link amino acids together to form proteins.

What is translation in biology quizlet?

Translation. The process of translating the sequence of a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule to a sequence of amino acids during protein synthesis.

Where does translation happen in the body?

Transcription occurs in the nucleus, whereas translation occurs in the cytoplasm.

Where is translation Located in biology?

Translation takes place on ribosomes—complex particles in the cell that contain RNA and protein. In prokaryotes (organisms that lack a nucleus) the ribosomes are loaded onto the mRNA while transcription is still ongoing.

What is translation in geometry quizlet?

an operation that moves or changes a geometric figure in some way to produce a new figure. translation. moves every point of a figure the dame distance in the same direction.